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Place and Date:  Near Untergriesheim, Germany, 6 April 1945

Entered service at: Waco, Texas

Birthplace: Toledo, Ohio

CITATION: He was a field artillery forward observer attached to Company A, 253rd Infantry, near Untergriesheim, Germany on
6 April 1945.  Eight hours of desperate fighting over open terrain swept by German machine gun fire, mortar, and small arms fire
had decimated Company A, robbing it of its commanding officer and most of its key enlisted personnel, when Lieutenant
Robinson rallied the 23 remaining uninjured riflemen and a few walking wounded and while carrying his heavy radio for
communication with artillery batteries, led them through intense fire in a charge against the objective.  Ten German infantry men in
fox holes threatened to stop the assault, but the gallant leader killed them all at point-blank range with rifle and pistol fire and then
pressed on with his men to sweep the area of all resistance.  Soon afterward he was ordered to seize the defended town of
Kressbach.  He went to each of the 19 exhausted survivors with cheering words, instilling in them courage and fortitute, before
leading the little band forward once more.  In the advance he was seriously wounded in the throat by a shell fragment, but despite
great pain and loss of blood, he refused medical attention and continued the attack, directing supporting artillery fire even though
he was mortally wounded.  Only after the town had been taken and he could no longer speak did he leave the command he had
inspired to victory and walked nearly 2 miles to an aid station, where he died of his wound.  By his intrepid leadership, Lieuenant
Robinson was directly responsible for Company A's accomplishing its mission against tremendous odds.

(Webmaster Note:  Several military structures have been named in honor of Lt Robinson.  They are Robinson Barracks in
Stuttgart Germany, Robinson Hall at the Los Alamitos, CA reserve center and a barracks building at Fort Sill, OK.)
The  Medal of Honor is the highest honor the United States can bestow on members of its armed forces.  It is only presented by the
President and is awarded in the name of the Congress of the United States.  It is awarded " For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at
the risk of life, above and beyond the call of duty, in action involving actual conflict with an opposing armed force."

Medal of Honor Recipient, 1/lt James E. Robinson Jr.          Battery A, 861st Field Artillery Battalion, 63rd Infantry Division
Medal of Honor Recipient
Medal of Honor
1st Lt James E. Robinson MOH
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